Books and Handbooks

The Charcoal Industry in Ghana: An Alternative Livelihood Option for Displaced Illegal Chainsaw Lumber Producers

Authors:
Beatrice Darko Obiri, Isaac Nunoo, Elizabeth Obeng, Francis Wilson Owusu and Emmanuel Marfo

The importance of charcoal in satisfying multiple socio-economic needs for income, food security and industrial purposes particularly in sub-Saharan Africa is widely acknowledged. Although charcoal production contributes to deforestation in these countries, development institutions are recently considering the charcoal industry as leverage for addressing poverty and environmental conservation. Tropenbos International Ghana and its partners seek to promote charcoal production as an alternative income source for illegal chainsaw lumber millers in Ghana. In support of this objective, this study assessed the charcoal supply and value chains as well as the economics of production methods and challenges in the industry in Ghana. Further, the feasibility of the switch from illegal chainsaw lumber milling to the charcoal industry, resource implications and potential challenges have been investigated to inform decisions for any such reforms.

Scenario and cost benefit analysis of proposed policy options for the supply of legal timber to the domestic market

Authors:
Gene Birikorang, Emmanuel Marfo, Kyere Boateng and Beatrice Obiri-Darko

Under the VPA with the European Union, Ghana has made a commitment to ensure that legal timber is not only traded on the export market but on the domestic market as well. Therefore, Ghana is seriously looking for options for supplying legal timber to the domestic market. The EU is supporting the Government through the NREG Programme and a Tropenbos International Ghana led project to develop alternatives to illegal chainsaw milling through a multi-stakeholder dialogue process backed by scientific research. These initiatives have developed the following three policy directions as a first step towards formulating specific strategic options for dealing with the problem:

Supply of chainsaw lumber to the domestic market: Preliminary results from a validation study

Authors:
Francis Wilson Owusu, Lawrence Damnyag, Emmanuel Marfo and Gertrude Boateng Nantwi


This report was produced within the framework of the EU Chainsaw Milling Project “Supporting the integration of legal and legitimate domestic timber markets into Voluntary Partnership Agreements”. The project aims to find sustainable solutions to the problems associated with the production of lumber for local timber markets by involving all stakeholders in dialogue, information gathering and the development of alternatives to unsustainable chainsaw milling practices. In Ghana, the project is being carried out by Tropenbos International (TBI) in collaboration with the Forestry Research Institute of Ghana (FORIG) and the Forestry Commission (FC).

Assessment of the Effectiveness of Multi-Stakeholder Dialogue

Authors:
Elizabeth Asantewaa Obeng,Emmanuel Marfo, Nelson Owusu-Ansah and Gertrude Boateng Nantwi

In an attempt to develop alternatives for illegal chainsaw milling in Ghana, a multi-stakeholder dialogue (MSD) process was established in September 2008 to create a platform for shared perspective among different actors on issues and solutions for chainsaw milling activities in Ghana. It was expected to provide an effective pathway for information generation and sharing, while strengthening stakeholder groups for efficient representations. This study covers key findings of research conducted to assess the effectiveness of the MSD platform as a participatory process. The aim is to provide an input to stimulate further reflection on how multi-stakeholder dialogue can be adopted as an effective participatory mechanism in deliberating issues among different actors in specific sectors in Ghana.

Chainsaw Operators, Alternative livelihood options and climate change mitigation

Authors:
Acheampong, Emmanuel Marfo and Shalom Addo-Danso

This study sought to assess the preferences of chainsaw dependent communities for forest- based alternative livelihood interventions that also have potential for climate change mitigation. In particular, the study attempted to answer the following research questions:

What forest-based interventions have the potential to support both rural livelihoods and climate change mitigation efforts simultaneously?
What are the specific preferences of chainsaw operatives for such interventions and the reasons behind their preferences?

The Contribution of Forests to Ghana’s Economic Development

Book of Abstracts

Editors:
Joseph R. Cobbinah and Stella B. Acquah

The First National Forestry Conference titled ‘The Contribution of Forests to Ghana’s Economic Development’ was  held at FORIG Campus, Kumasi from 16-18 September 2014. The conference objective was to highlight the role of forests and woodlands on livelihoods, environmental management and economic development of Ghana. It was jointly organized and sponsored by the Forestry Commission (FC), Forestry Research Institute of Ghana (FORIG), Forestry Research Network of Sub-Saharan Africa (FORNESSA), College of Agriculture & Natural Resources (CANR) of the Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Tropenbos International (TBI) Ghana, Ghana Timber Millers’ Organisation (GTMO), Ministry of Lands & Natural Resources (MLNR), and Ministry of Environment, Science, Technology and Innovation (MESTI).

REDD+ in agricultural landscapes: evidence from Ghana’s REDD+ process

Authors:
Kwame Agyei, Victor K. Agyeman, Winston A. Asante, Daniel T. Benefoh, Juergen Blaser, Lawrence Damnyag, Angela Deppeler, Mélanie Feurer, Ernest G. Foli, Luca Heeb, Winnie Kofie, Maria  Klossner, Boateng Kyereh, Yaw Kwakye and Kwame A. Oduro

According to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (2013), global vegetation stores about the same amount of carbon dioxide as contained in the atmosphere, and tropical forests hold about half of that amount (Pan et al. 2011). Despite partially successful measures in some countries to reduce deforestation and forest degradation, tropical forest loss continued at an estimated 92000 km2 per year between 2000 and 2012 (Hansen et al. 2013), equivalent to about 24 football fields per minute. The resultant net loss of biomass is responsible for about 10% of global annual carbon dioxide emissions (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change 2013); tropical forest loss, therefore, is an important driver of climate change. The international community is aware of the climate-regulating role of forests and trees and has created a mechanism aimed at reducing tropical deforestation and forest degradation and enhancing the conservation and sustainable management of forests and forest carbon stocks, a mechanism usually known as REDD+.

Development assistance in the forestry sector

Impacts over the last two decades and implications for the future

Authors:
Chris Beeko, Kwame Antwi Oduro, Elizabeth Asantewaa Obeng

 This study was commissioned under the Growing Forest Partnerships initiative in Ghana. The purpose of the study was to provide inputs that can challenge and influence the direction and quality of development assistance in the forest sector in such a manner as to return optimum contribution to the governance environment, growth of institutions, and the development of the resource. The forest sector of Ghana can be credited for the role it has played in the country’s economic development. Currently, the sector contributes four percent to Gross Domestic Product (GDP). Over the last two decades, there have been several efforts from development partners to assist the sector improve on its contribution to national socio-economic development. Consequently, the sector has consistently received millions of dollars of development assistance from various development partners. In the past two decades, an amount in excess of US$ 643 million (in 2009 dollar value) has been pumped into the sector. This gives an average, between 1989-2009, of US$ 32 million a year (in 2009 dollar value). The forest sector aid architecture in Ghana has changed over the years.

Technologies for Forest Management, Utilization and Development

Compiled by:
Stella B. Acquah, Sarah Pentsil, Naomi Appiah, William K. Dumenu and Bukari Daramani

Handbook

Over the years, CSIR-FORIG has developed a number of technologies and interventions through research. Technology here refers to ‘any specific information and know-how, tangible or intangible, required to solve a problem or for the development, production, management or use of resources (Wikipedia, 2012, UNESCO, 1985). Th e technologies generated at CSIR-FORIG are aimed at combating environmental degradation, safeguarding the sustainable use of the nation’s forest resources and improving rural livelihood. All these technologies have the potential to contribute positively to the social, economic and environmental wellbeing of Ghanaians. However, many of the technologies have not been properly packaged, publicised and transferred to target stakeholders, users and the general public in comprehensible language.

Ghana Forest and Wildlife Handbook

Compiled and Edited by:
Kwame A. Oduro, Akwasi Duah-Gyamfi, Stella B. Acquah, Victor K. Agyeman

Ghana Forest and Wildlife Resources

The Forestry Commission of Ghana is responsible for the regulation of forest and wildlife resources utilization, conservation and management and the coordination of policies related to them. As part of its policy of contributing in a timely manner to public debate on issues related to forest and wildlife resources, the Forestry Commission is committed to providing information on the status of these resources through the publication of a Forest & Wildlife Resources Handbook. Such information increases our understanding and knowledge of the status of forest and wildlife resources and provides a basis for informed debate on how best to encourage sustainable forest management. Ghana’s quest for sustainable forest management, which dates back to the early 1900’s, has largely involved enactment of legislations, policy reforms and other legal approaches for the control of forestry activities. In the mid-1990’s, reforms in the forestry sector culminated in the 1994 Forest and Wildlife Policy, and the 1996 Forestry Development Master Plan (1996 –2020). These and other recent regulatory tools and mechanisms have been the main driving force that has spurred Ghana to work towards sustainable forest management over the past decades. This Handbook is a compendium of information about forests and wildlife resources, forestry and wood processing in Ghana. It includes information on environmental and social aspects of forests and other related issues.

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