Books and Handbooks

Book of Abstracts - 2016 Refereed Journal Articles

Compiled by:  Margaret Sraku-Lartey and Stella Britwum Acquah
This publication is a compilation of articles written by CSIR-FORIG Scientists in 2016. The aim is to bring these articles together in one publication so that colleague Scientists can be made aware of them. The publication is for non-commercial purposes and all sources have been duly acknowledged. Some articles accepted in 2016 but published in early 2017 however have been included. Others were submitted in 2016 but were back dated by the publishers due to publication challenges.

A total of 44 journal articles were published by scientists of CSIR-FORIG in peer reviewed journals worldwide. Some articles were joint publications with partners and colleagues others were sole publications by Scientists. The names of each CSIR-FORIG Scientists have been highlighted in the citations. All sources have been duly acknowledged and follow the publishers’ guidelines on the re-use of their journal articles

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Barriers to Sustainability of Alternative Livelihoods. A Case Study of a Forest Reserve in Ghana

Eric Nutakor, Brefo Sparkler Samar, Emmanuel Marfo and Kwame Antwi Oduro

This report presents the results of a case study of barriers to alternative livelihoods in Ghana. It assessed forestry related alternative livelihoods that were introduced within some communities fringing Nsemire forest reserve located in the Brong-Ahafo region of Ghana.

The objectives of the study were to:

Assessment of Baseline Indicators of the Chainsaw Milling Project in Ghana

Paul Bosu, Naomi Appiah and Emmanuel Marfo

This report is the outcome of a baseline assessment carried at the end of the first phase (2007-2012) of the project “Developing alternatives for illegal chainsaw lumbering through multi-stakeholder dialogue in Ghana and Guyana” to determine the extent to which the project achieved its objectives; and provide insight on pertinent issues specific to the CSM project in Ghana and the world at large. It also provides an outline of the baseline indicators for assessment at the end of the second phase of the project, (2012 – 2015).

The Charcoal Industry in Ghana: An Alternative Livelihood Option for Displaced Illegal Chainsaw Lumber Producers

Beatrice Darko Obiri, Isaac Nunoo, Elizabeth Obeng, Francis Wilson Owusu and Emmanuel Marfo

The importance of charcoal in satisfying multiple socio-economic needs for income, food security and industrial purposes particularly in sub-Saharan Africa is widely acknowledged. Although charcoal production contributes to deforestation in these countries, development institutions are recently considering the charcoal industry as leverage for addressing poverty and environmental conservation. Tropenbos International Ghana and its partners seek to promote charcoal production as an alternative income source for illegal chainsaw lumber millers in Ghana. In support of this objective, this study assessed the charcoal supply and value chains as well as the economics of production methods and challenges in the industry in Ghana. Further, the feasibility of the switch from illegal chainsaw lumber milling to the charcoal industry, resource implications and potential challenges have been investigated to inform decisions for any such reforms.

Scenario and cost benefit analysis of proposed policy options for the supply of legal timber to the domestic market

Gene Birikorang, Emmanuel Marfo, Kyere Boateng and Beatrice Obiri-Darko

Under the VPA with the European Union, Ghana has made a commitment to ensure that legal timber is not only traded on the export market but on the domestic market as well. Therefore, Ghana is seriously looking for options for supplying legal timber to the domestic market. The EU is supporting the Government through the NREG Programme and a Tropenbos International Ghana led project to develop alternatives to illegal chainsaw milling through a multi-stakeholder dialogue process backed by scientific research. These initiatives have developed the following three policy directions as a first step towards formulating specific strategic options for dealing with the problem:

Supply of chainsaw lumber to the domestic market: Preliminary results from a validation study

Francis Wilson Owusu, Lawrence Damnyag, Emmanuel Marfo and Gertrude Boateng Nantwi

This report was produced within the framework of the EU Chainsaw Milling Project “Supporting the integration of legal and legitimate domestic timber markets into Voluntary Partnership Agreements”. The project aims to find sustainable solutions to the problems associated with the production of lumber for local timber markets by involving all stakeholders in dialogue, information gathering and the development of alternatives to unsustainable chainsaw milling practices. In Ghana, the project is being carried out by Tropenbos International (TBI) in collaboration with the Forestry Research Institute of Ghana (FORIG) and the Forestry Commission (FC).

Assessment of the Effectiveness of Multi-Stakeholder Dialogue

Elizabeth Asantewaa Obeng,Emmanuel Marfo, Nelson Owusu-Ansah and Gertrude Boateng Nantwi

In an attempt to develop alternatives for illegal chainsaw milling in Ghana, a multi-stakeholder dialogue (MSD) process was established in September 2008 to create a platform for shared perspective among different actors on issues and solutions for chainsaw milling activities in Ghana. It was expected to provide an effective pathway for information generation and sharing, while strengthening stakeholder groups for efficient representations. This study covers key findings of research conducted to assess the effectiveness of the MSD platform as a participatory process. The aim is to provide an input to stimulate further reflection on how multi-stakeholder dialogue can be adopted as an effective participatory mechanism in deliberating issues among different actors in specific sectors in Ghana.

Chainsaw Operators, Alternative livelihood options and climate change mitigation

Acheampong, Emmanuel Marfo and Shalom Addo-Danso

This study sought to assess the preferences of chainsaw dependent communities for forest- based alternative livelihood interventions that also have potential for climate change mitigation. In particular, the study attempted to answer the following research questions:

What forest-based interventions have the potential to support both rural livelihoods and climate change mitigation efforts simultaneously?
What are the specific preferences of chainsaw operatives for such interventions and the reasons behind their preferences?

The Contribution of Forests to Ghana’s Economic Development

Book of Abstracts

Joseph R. Cobbinah and Stella B. Acquah

The First National Forestry Conference titled ‘The Contribution of Forests to Ghana’s Economic Development’ was  held at FORIG Campus, Kumasi from 16-18 September 2014. The conference objective was to highlight the role of forests and woodlands on livelihoods, environmental management and economic development of Ghana. It was jointly organized and sponsored by the Forestry Commission (FC), Forestry Research Institute of Ghana (FORIG), Forestry Research Network of Sub-Saharan Africa (FORNESSA), College of Agriculture & Natural Resources (CANR) of the Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Tropenbos International (TBI) Ghana, Ghana Timber Millers’ Organisation (GTMO), Ministry of Lands & Natural Resources (MLNR), and Ministry of Environment, Science, Technology and Innovation (MESTI).

REDD+ in agricultural landscapes: evidence from Ghana’s REDD+ process

Kwame Agyei, Victor K. Agyeman, Winston A. Asante, Daniel T. Benefoh, Juergen Blaser, Lawrence Damnyag, Angela Deppeler, Mélanie Feurer, Ernest G. Foli, Luca Heeb, Winnie Kofie, Maria  Klossner, Boateng Kyereh, Yaw Kwakye and Kwame A. Oduro

According to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (2013), global vegetation stores about the same amount of carbon dioxide as contained in the atmosphere, and tropical forests hold about half of that amount (Pan et al. 2011). Despite partially successful measures in some countries to reduce deforestation and forest degradation, tropical forest loss continued at an estimated 92000 km2 per year between 2000 and 2012 (Hansen et al. 2013), equivalent to about 24 football fields per minute. The resultant net loss of biomass is responsible for about 10% of global annual carbon dioxide emissions (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change 2013); tropical forest loss, therefore, is an important driver of climate change. The international community is aware of the climate-regulating role of forests and trees and has created a mechanism aimed at reducing tropical deforestation and forest degradation and enhancing the conservation and sustainable management of forests and forest carbon stocks, a mechanism usually known as REDD+.

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