Book of Abstracts - 2016 Refereed Journal Articles

Compiled by:  Margaret Sraku-Lartey and Stella Britwum Acquah

This publication is a compilation of articles written by CSIR-FORIG Scientists in 2016. The aim is to bring these articles together in one publication so that colleague Scientists can be made aware of them. The publication is for non-commercial purposes and all sources have been duly acknowledged. Some articles accepted in 2016 but published in early 2017 however have been included. Others were submitted in 2016 but were back dated by the publishers due to publication challenges.

A total of 44 journal articles were published by scientists of CSIR-FORIG in peer reviewed journals worldwide. Some articles were joint publications with partners and colleagues others were sole publications by Scientists. The names of each CSIR-FORIG Scientists have been highlighted in the citations. All sources have been duly acknowledged and follow the publishers’ guidelines on the re-use of their journal articles


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Barriers to Sustainability of Alternative Livelihoods. A Case Study of a Forest Reserve in Ghana

Authors: Eric Nutakor, Brefo Sparkler Samar, Emmanuel Marfo and Kwame Antwi Oduro

This report presents the results of a case study of barriers to alternative livelihoods in Ghana. It assessed forestry related alternative livelihoods that were introduced within some communities fringing Nsemire forest reserve located in the Brong-Ahafo region of Ghana.

The objectives of the study were to:

Identify barriers to developing viable alternative livelihoods for forest-fringe communities and chainsaw operatives.

Identify measures that can facilitate the removal of barriers to sustaining alternative livelihoods in forest fringe communities.

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Assessment of Baseline Indicators of the Chainsaw Milling Project in Ghana

Authors: Paul Bosu, Naomi Appiah and Emmanuel Marfo

This report is the outcome of a baseline assessment carried at the end of the first phase (2007-2012) of the project “Developing alternatives for illegal chainsaw lumbering through multi-stakeholder dialogue in Ghana and Guyana” to determine the extent to which the project achieved its objectives; and provide insight on pertinent issues specific to the CSM project in Ghana and the world at large. It also provides an outline of the baseline indicators for assessment at the end of the second phase of the project, (2012 – 2015).

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The Charcoal Industry in Ghana: An Alternative Livelihood Option for Displaced Illegal Chainsaw Lumber Producers

Authors: Beatrice Darko Obiri, Isaac Nunoo, Elizabeth Obeng, Francis Wilson Owusu and Emmanuel Marfo

The importance of charcoal in satisfying multiple socio-economic needs for income, food security and industrial purposes particularly in sub-Saharan Africa is widely acknowledged. Although charcoal production contributes to deforestation in these countries, development institutions are recently considering the charcoal industry as leverage for addressing poverty and environmental conservation. Tropenbos International Ghana and its partners seek to promote charcoal production as an alternative income source for illegal chainsaw lumber millers in Ghana. In support of this objective, this study assessed the charcoal supply and value chains as well as the economics of production methods and challenges in the industry in Ghana. Further, the feasibility of the switch from illegal chainsaw lumber milling to the charcoal industry, resource implications and potential challenges have been investigated to inform decisions for any such reforms.

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Scenario and cost benefit analysis of proposed policy options for the supply of legal timber to the domestic market

Authors: Gene Birikorang, Emmanuel Marfo, Kyere Boateng and Beatrice Obiri-Darko

Under the VPA with the European Union, Ghana has made a commitment to ensure that legal timber is not only traded on the export market but on the domestic market as well. Therefore, Ghana is seriously looking for options for supplying legal timber to the domestic market. The EU is supporting the Government through the NREG Programme and a Tropenbos International Ghana led project to develop alternatives to illegal chainsaw milling through a multi-stakeholder dialogue process backed by scientific research. These initiatives have developed the following three policy directions as a first step towards formulating specific strategic options for dealing with the problem:

Sawmills to supply the domestic market with legal timber obtained from sustained yields;

Sawmills and artisanal millers1 supply the domestic market with legal timber obtained from sustained yields ;

Artisanal millers supply all lumber required by the domestic market while sawmills focus on export, in keeping with the legal timber framework.

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